Common Types of Civil Engineering Projects

Considered one of the first and oldest engineering jobs in the world, civil engineering, deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of a physical environment. This includes a wide array of structures, including railways, sewage, dams, bridges, roads, and airports.

As a result, a modern civil engineer impacts things used everyday. Keep reading to learn about some of the most common types of civil engineering projects here.

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Construction and Management Engineering

This type of civil engineering is all about creating things such as railways, roads, buildings, and bridges. The ultimate purpose of engineering construction is to construct these structures in the most sustainable, environmentally friendly, safe, and efficient way possible. More about this can be found by visiting www.cochraneng.com now.

After the actual construction phase is the asset management phase. It’s at this time when things like the maintenance, operation, and refurbishment for the lifespan of the project is outlined. These are things that have to be managed so that the project’s owner can ensure there’s value in return for the money that’s spent on the project itself.

Geotechnical Engineering

This type of civil engineering project is focused on how a project interacts with the ground. Those working in this field deal with structures, such as railways, roads, bridges, tunnels, and other similar items.

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Geotechnical engineers are responsible for dealing with various types of ground for all projects. It doesn’t matter if it is made out of rock or soil, it’s the role of the geotechnical engineer to determine how it is going to interact with the project. This is what’s exciting for most engineers, as no two grounds are created the same.

Structural Engineering

Designing and analyzing the construction of dams, buildings, towers, bridges, and more is the role of a structural engineer. These structures have to be built in a way that makes them economical, sustainable, safe, and nice to look at.

Similar to the construction and management engineering, a structural engineer uses physics and math to do their job. By using these tools, the engineer can see if all the parts of the project have plenty of strength to handle the loads, determine the structure’s total service life, and determine if the structure is stable.

Transport Engineering

The transport engineer is responsible for planning, designing, and operating large transport systems. It doesn’t matter if the project is private or public, everyone needs access to transportation to get around in the modern world.

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The job of the transport engineer is to ensure these transportation forms meet specific standards. The standards, such as safety and sustainability have to be met. With modern technology, transport engineers help to reduce energy and emissions use with the ultimate goal of ensuring widespread environmentally friendly transportation options.

Water Engineering

Most people aren’t aware of how water interacts with their environment. The role of a water engineer is understanding why the natural water systems, such as coasts and rivers behave the way they do.

Water engineering is also related to designing methods to store or to direct water. Understanding the way water works can help to create a way for people to conserve water. Today, water engineering is primarily focused on dealing with the nature of coastal water, groundwater, and floods.

The Role of the Civil Engineer

As anyone can see, the role of a civil engineer has a huge impact on the world today. Knowing what their role is can help people see why these professionals are so important to the modern world.


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